XXVII Academia de Órgano
Fray Joseph de Echevarría

From 21st to 28th July, 2024

Reitze SMITS

Reitze SMITS

Reitze Smits studied organ, harpsichord, composition, improvisation and musicology.

The interpretation of baroque
music and his fascination for the music of Bach defined his career for many years.


Bach and Mendelssohn, linked and distinct

There are many links between Bach and Mendelssohn. But we could wonder how Mendelssohn played Bachs “Schmücke dich”, that he liked so much. What are the differences in style and performance between Baroque and Romantic music? In this course we will consider the possibilities of expression on our instrument, the organ, which sometimes seems so little flexible.

From details like raising the key for articulation or legato, from shaping ‘figures’ till phrasing, from harmony lines to melodic flow, from the rhetoric attitude to the sensibility for musical characters, we will discover that playing the organ has many dimensions that depend on the music you are playing. Developing the proper
approach for this repertoire will give you a good basic control of your instrument to play much other music with the right expression as well.

     Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750)
All works

     Felix Mendelssohn Bartholdy (1809-1847)
All works


Diego ARES

Diego ARES

Diego Ares is considered one of the leading harpsichordists of his generation.

As a soloist, he has performed with the Geneva Chamber Orchestra, the Symphony Orchestra of Brittany…


Antonio de Cabezón: the great musician who never wrote

In the 1578 edition, Hernando de Cabezón admits the “no small amount of work” he undertook to bring his father’s works to perfection. It should be noted that Antonio, because of his blindness, never wrote his music. What did this perfection consist of? This question will be the starting point to approach the prodigious mind of one of the most enigmatic composers in history. By considering the instrumental praxis of his time, different possible perspectives for approaching this important repertoire will be discussed.

     Luis Venegas de Henestrosa (ca. 1510-1570)
Libro de cifra nueva para tecla, arpa y vihuela

     Antonio de Cabezón (1510-1566)
Obras de música para tecla, arpa y vihuela de Antonio de Cabeçon



Graduated in organ, harpsichord and piano, she attended the two-year organ upper course with the highest grades.

She specializes in organ early music with L. F. Tagliavini, L. Ghielmi, A. Marcon, G. Bovet, E. Bellotti and in the baroque repertoire…


The Italian baroque organ music between counterpoint style and Stylus phantasticus

«Non si dee questo modo di suonare stare soggetto a battuta come veggiamo usarsi nei madrigali moderni, i quali quantunque difficili si agevolano per mezzo della battuta portandola or languida or veloce, e sostenendola etiandio in aria secondo i loro affetti o senso delle parole». This is the first of the many Warnings to the reader by Frescobaldi, where it is suggested that melody should be freed from writing, even when there is no poetic text. This particularly style of writing is specific for the Toccata, a free style musical form. Surprisingly, however, the same composing gesture is present also in other types of compositions, sometimes in short closing passages, for example before a cadence. The Stylus phantasticus is not only for Toccata, but is actually used and included even in compositions in a non-explicity and casual way.

     Marc’Antonio Cavazzoni (ca.1490-ca. 1560)

     Giovanni Battista Dalla Gostena (ca.1540-1598)
Organ works

     Jan Peeterzoon Sweelinck (1562-1621)
Toccata chromatica

     Girolamo Frescobaldi (1583-1643)
Il primo libro di toccate d’intavolatura di cembalo e organo
Il secondo libro di toccate d’intavolatura di cembalo e organo
Fiori musicale

     Johann Jacob Froberger (1616-1667)

     Georg Muffat (1653-1704)
Apparatus musico-organisticus





He completed his musical studies at the Royal Conservatory of Music of Madrid, where he served as Professor of Rhythmics and Paleography.


The Keyboard Music of P. Antonio Soler (1729-1783): State of the art

Father Antonio Soler (1729-1783) composed a significant number of works for harpsichord and organ. The keyboard work is dedicated to the Infante Don Gabriel de Borbón; He composed the organ work for the liturgy of the Office and Mass in the Monastery of El Escorial. The keyboard music edition was compiled and edited essentially by Samuel Rubio and José Sierra. During recent years, several works that were unknown have been discovered and published. An analysis of these developments will be presented.



Composer, conductor and musicologist. Degree in Law (Complutense de Madrid) and International Doctorate (Universidad Autónoma de Madrid). Honorary Professor…


New territories of the organ in the 20th and 21st centuries (I and II)

The organ is one of the most interesting and richest instruments in today’s music. In the 20th and 21st centuries composers such as O. Messiaen, G. Ligeti, M. Feldman, C. Halffter, B. Ferneyhough and a long etcetera have introduced new proposals and languages that have resized the repertoire of this instrument and have led its possibilities to enormously original and new territories. Its immense richness for composition and the demands of both technical and interpretative knowledge sometimes continue to condition the use of this enormous world of sound.


  • The course will have a duration of 50 hours approximately.
  • There will be a maximum of 12 active students.
  • Academy proffesors will offer 45 minutes individual lessons to those students who request them. Enrollment for these classes will be held in strict order of registration.
  • Some of the scores for the course can be provided on request.


Information about accomodation in Palencia will be given by the organizers of the course when required.


ACTIVE PARTICIPANT: Registration 150€

  • Individual lesson: 25€.


Fee to be paid into the following bank account: IBAN ES90 2108 2401 6500 3309 8696
Registration deadline: until 14th June, 2024.


Asociación de Amigos del Órgano de Palencia
Plaza de San Pablo, 8 E-34005 – Palencia
Teléfono: (+34) 629 878 681
Correo electrónico: echevarría.org@telefonica.net



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